Misc: Windows

This is one of those little Windows keyboard shortcuts that really needs to be advertised better. Thanks to the author over at “Digital Inspiration” for this info…

How to Say ‘No to All’ During File Copy Operations in Windows:

While copying or moving a large number of files from one location to another folder in Windows, you may often encounter errors or warning messages saying the file(s) you are trying to copy already exists in the target location.

no to all in windows

Windows No to All – Keyboard Shortcut

If you are using a previous version of Windows (like XP or Windows 2000 but not Vista), the default error window will offer four choices – “Yes”, “No”, “Yes to All” and “Cancel”.

There’s no “No to All” button in the File Replacement dialog but you can simply hold down the Shift Key before pressing the No button and Windows will automatically interpret this action as a “No to All” command.

This will be so useful when you are copying a large number of files and folders but don’t want to overwrite content that already exists at the target.


WINDOWS and VIRUSES:

Brain-virus

A Little Background…

The first virus is widely accepted as being created in 1986 and was called BRAIN (and it wasn’t just limited to windows, it was actually DOS based and affected Apple II computers as well – check out this if you want to know more), and it’s been downhill since then as far as computer safety goes. Who would have thought that a seemingly harmless attempt to monitor computer software piracy would have emerged into the multi-billion dollar problem we have today.

To Help Prevent Viruses…

The first step is to install a good virus checker program before you have a problem.  It’s been my recommendation for some time now that the first thing to do with a new computer is to get it protected right out of the box if possible.  Start by downloading and installing your software (GRISOFTmakes a good product named AVG FREE EDITION )and updating it as soon as the install is finished.  (note:  some commercial software you can buy will run a test of the PC from the disk prior to any install to verify the computers status, others do not and an on-line virus checker is a good way to ensure you are safe before you begin (TREND-MICROhas a good free on-line virus checker named HOUSECALL).  The most important thing to do is to get into the habit of updating your virus definitions each day before you start surfing or checking your mail.   Like the old adage says “an ounce of prevention…”

If You Already Have a Virus…

Douglas Adams said it best “DON’T PANIC”.
There are ways to get rid of most viruses without losing files, even the infected ones.  Most of the good virus checkers have the ability to “heal” the infected files, and in some cases, if they cannot be healed with the software you have they can be at least quarantined.

Another online virus checker that will scan and heal your computer automatically is ESET, it need to be able to download its current database to your PC to run, so depending upon the infection type and extent it may not work for you.

The most important thing to know is to only do what you are comfortable doing.  If you think the problem is beyond your comfort level, talk to an expert before you go any further.  You don’t want to cause more problems or spread the virus further by making a mistake.

If you are Already Suffering from “malware” or “spyware”…

As with anything in life,  the most important thing to know is to only do what you are comfortable doing.  If you think the problem is beyond your comfort level, talk to an expert before you go any further.  There are a view good malware/spyware removers out there and some of them are freeware.  AD-AWARE is one that will get rid of most of the offenders, SPYBOT is another that does a good job.  AVG has an excellent FREE product that is one of my favorites due to ease of use and intuitive functionality.  Most of the time, once you are “infected” you will need to use more than one program to get rid of all of the malware/spyware, as it seems that the people writing this stuff are getting smarter and trickier, and you will need to break out all the tools to clean them out fully.


WINDOWS STARTUP TONES:

Below are IBM BIOS Beep codes that can occur. However, because of the wide variety of models shipping with this BIOS, the beep codes may vary.

Beep Code                                                           Description/Error

No Beeps                                                    No Power, Loose Card, or Short.

1 Short Beep                                                Normal POST, computer is ok.

2 Short Beep                                        POST error, review screen for error code.

Continuous Beep                                        No Power, Loose Card, or Short.

Repeating Short Beep                                No Power, Loose Card, or Short.

One Long and one Short Beep                                Motherboard issue.

One Long and Two Short Beeps            Video (Mono/CGA Display Circuitry) issue.

One Long and Three Short Beeps                    Video (EGA) Display Circuitry

Three Long Beeps                                        Keyboard / Keyboard card error.

One Beep, Blank or Incorrect Display                    Video Display Circuitry.


 

 

AMI BIOS BEEP CODES

 

 

Below are the AMI BIOS Beep codes that can occur. Again, however, because of the wide variety of different computer manufacturers with this BIOS, the beep codes may vary.

Beep Code                                                            Descriptions

1 short                                DRAM refresh failure

2 short                                Parity circuit failure

3 short                                Base 64K RAM failure

4 short                                System timer failure

5 short                                Process failure

6 short                                Keyboard controller Gate A20 error

7 short                                Virtual mode exception error

8 short                                Display memory Read/Write test failure

9 short                                ROM BIOS checksum failure

10 short                              CMOS shutdown Read/Write error

11 short                              Cache Memory error

1 long, 3 short                     Conventional/Extended memory failure

1 long, 8 short                     Display/Retrace test failed


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